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Heraldry of the Estrada Surname

Estrada Family Crests

Below you shall find information on several family crests of which we have documentation.
There are more family crests; however, we do not have them documented, 
so we do not show them in this Web site.

 

The Coat of Arms

According to the Heraldic and Genealogical Encyclopædia by the brothers García Carraffa, the  primitive and pure coat of arms of the Estrada surname was:  
"In a field of gold, an eagle crowned by sable. This coat of arms was granted, in 1188, to Gonzalo Fernández de Estrada by the Emperor Frederick of Germany, after being present at the marriage ceremonies of Conrad, Frederick's son, with doña Berenguela, daughter of King Alonso VIII of Castille". 

Because of this coat of arms, some people believed the surname had a German origin, but this is not true.  

An interesting observation is that the shield has a Spanish form similar to the French or Portuguese shape, which is interesting because of the use of the word estrada in those languages.

The Primitive Coat of Arms

Shield 569 
Heraldic and Genealogical Encyclopædia

 

The coat of arms according to Julio de Atienza and other genealogists.

 

The coat of arms of Duque de Estrada according to Julio de Atienza and other genealogists.

According to the Spanish genealogist Julio de Atienza in his Nobiliary Dictionary, the coat of arms of the Estrada surname is: 
"In a field of azure (blue), three stripes of gold, with seven ermine sable (black ermine), three in the center stripe and two in the other two. The coat of arms is placed over an imperial German eagle by concession of the Emperor Frederick, in the year 1188, to Gonzalo Fernández de Estrada, who went to Germany to arrange the marriage of Conrad, son of Frederick, with Berenguela, daughter of Don Alfonso VIII."

This coat of arms, without the eagle and  with bands instead of stripes, composes the right half of the coat of arms of the Duque de Estrada alliance (front view). 

If we read the description of the coat of arms of the Duque lineage in the same Nobiliary Dictionary, it is very similar to the one described there for Estrada, without the eagle and with bands (diagonal) instead of stripes (horizontal), so we can determine that there is confusion on the part of Atienza and other genealogists who preceeded and followed him. The coat of arms of Estrada, as described by Atienza, may have been one granted, at a later date, to one of the several Estrada lineages derived from the Tower. In the image at left-below, we can see what the coat of arms of Duque de Estrada would look like if we follow Atienza'a description of both coats of arms. The link to the Duque de Estrada coat of arms is below.

This is what the brothers García Carraffa have to say about this coat of arms:
"Some writers of treatises describe as those of Estrada the arms of the Duque lineage, obeying this no doubt, to the fact that the Duque de Estrada family used these arms united in a shield of alliance".

We, therefore, consider that the primitive and original coat of arms of the Estrada surname is number 569 described before, which is the one on the left half of the Duque de Estrada alliance (front view). 

This coat of arms is shown here as some sources will erroneously supply it as THE coat of arms for the Estrada surname, sometimes adding other heraldic elements, to which there is no entitlement.

 

Other coats of arms that have been granted to descendants of this family. 

Here we show some samples.

 

An Estrada lineage from Asturias used this: Of silver, with a rampant lion of its color and a frame of red, with four golden asps and four castles of the same metal, alternatelly.
Source:Heraldic and Genealogical Encyclop
ædia  - Shield 570

 

 

 

 

Francisco de Estrada, neighbor of the city of Mexico, received from the Emperor Charles V (I of Spain) the following coat of arms:  In a field of azure, a stone bridge of two spans over waves of azure and silver water, topped by a golden tower, lightened with azure. Frame of red, with seven pilgrim shells of silver, in its right half,  and frame of silver with seven black ermine, in its left half.
Source: Heraldic and Genealogical Encyclop
ædia - Shield 571

 

The Coat of Arms at the entrance to the Palce

Don Gerónimo de Estrada, first Marquis of Casa Estrada, used this coat of arms that can be found at the Palace of Casa Estrada, in Bimenes, Asturias.

It is a coat of arms of alliance, which contains the pure arms of Estrada (N° 569) in its left half (seen from the front) and that of Fernández de la Rosella or that of Angulo,* in its right half.

*Until this moment it is not possible to determine whether the arms in the right half are those of Fernández de la Rosella or Angulo (both surnames are related to the first marquis, the first his mother's and the second his wife's), as both contain the same elements, but in different colors and metals.  The stone representation is colorless.

Courtesy of Alfonso Sánchez Lorenzo

 

A branch settled in Santillana del Mar, province of Santander and used this coat of arms, which they had chiseled in the front of their house. This house is presently known as  "the Eagle's house" because of the shield.

The shield, which contains the crowned eagle (tha basic shield of Estrada), has a border with eight asps or Saint Andrew's Cross. It is, however, not possible to determine the color of the border or the metal of the asps.

This claim about the lineage in Santillana del Mar is disputed by a descendant of the lineage of Fernández de San Salvador. Let's read his argument and see the shield he presents to us: Go to Fernández de San Salvador

 

Picture of the shield courtesy of Pura Castresana Estrada

 

A branch descendant from Antonio de Estrada (c. 1588) from the Council of Lamadrid, settled in Santander, where in a house that belonged to Antonio Fernández Estrada (c. 1761) one can see this split shield of alliance that has in its left (front view) a tree and a walking dog and to the right, in a horizontal cut, on top the arms with the eagle of Estrada and on the bottom the arms of Duque.

Picture of the shield courtesy of Pura Castresana Estrada

 

A branch moved to Italy, where a member of that lineage received the following coat of arms:

A split shield. The first field of silver and in it a red castle with two towers. The second field of azure with a golden walking dog. Crowned headpiece set in a third of a turn towards the right. The shield is adorned with lambrequins.
Source: Antonio Estrada. Torino, Italia

 

Another coat of arms for which we do not have clear documentation, but which is offered by some genealogical and heraldic services as that of the surname Estrada, is the one on the right. We have limited knowledge of its origin, which we have found only  in the "Armorial Général" by J. B. Rietstap (in French). However, according to what we can see below, it is possible that these elements are part of a coats of arms of one of  don Luis de Estrada's ancestors, who may have been of Italian origin.


Central detail of the coat of arms as supplied by a genealogical service.

The coat of arms on the leftt is the one that, according to  Francisco Piferrer, is the one of alliance of don Luis de Estrada. In the center of this coat of arms one can see the tree and the walking dog seen above, which are enlarged on the figure on the right .

This coat of arms has several uncommon components, such as 5 bloodied moors' heads;  the coat of arms of Duque without the ermine in the stripes but rather spread around the border;  the eagle of Estrada is in red instead of black; and, a golden tower, with a white flag that has a crescent (a symbol of Islam). This arrangement in a horizontal fashion and with a center insert is not frequently seen. 
This coat of arms violates several basic rules of Spanish heraldry, so that gives us reason to doubt its authenticity, despite the source.


Central detail of the coat of arms of 
Luis de Estrada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

According to Francisco Piferrer, the coat of arms of Estrada is the one of Duque de Estrada as determined by him, but we disagree, as that is one of alliance, not of a single lineage.

Other coats of arms may have been granted to family members; however, we have no documentation to support either the grants or their designs.

 

An important note about coats of arms: 
Coats of arms were and are granted to individuals, not families; therefore, when a coat of arms is granted to a member of a family, the coat of arms is his, not his brother's, offspring or other relatives. Legally, the coat of arms of an individual may not be used by his descendants or relatives unless one claims and obtains the title that goes with the coat of arms. However, it has become common practice for any descendant to use a coat of arms granted to an ancestor, as a means of identifying with the nobility of the lineage.
This is what the brothers García-Carraffa and other Spanish genealogists have done and in their work, the surname's general coat of arms is the first one granted to a member of the lineage.
 
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